Aerogel Hai M Duong


Associate Professor Hai M. Duong received his Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering at Melbourne University in 2004. Since then, he has expanded his research interests in science and engineering applications of lightweight materials through experiments and computational modeling. He was awarded four postdoctoral fellowships at world-class laboratories: University of Oklahoma, USA; University of Tokyo, Japan; Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA and University of Cambridge, UK. Currently, as an Associate Professor at National University of Singapore (NUS), he has awarded 4 competitive global innovational awards and his research interests include a number of emerging fields such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs), aerogels and their applications for aerospace structures, energy devices, environmental treatment, and thermal transport phenomena in small-scale of biological systems. He has 12 commercialized and pending patents, published over 10 book chapters, 150+ journal papers and conference proceedings, gave several keynotes and invited talks at international conferences.  Dr. Duong is also the key member of Functional Material Society and the technical committee on nanotechnology in Singapore and the editorial member of International Journal of Aeronautical Science and Aerospace Research (IJASAR).


Visiting Professor (2021-2022), Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, USA

Associate Professor with Tenure (July 2017 – Current) National University of Singapore (NUS)

Assistant Professor (Oct 2010 – July 2017) National University of Singapore (NUS)

Postdoc (Jan- Oct 2010) University of Cambridge, UK

Postdoc (2008-2010) MIT, USA

Postdoc (2006-2008) University of Tokyo, Japan

Postdoc (2004-2006) University of Oklahoma, USA

Ph.D. (2000-2004) University of Melbourne, Australia

1. Project Title: Advanced Energy Devices Using Carbon Nanotube Aerogels.

Developing advanced aerogels using carbon nanotubes (CNTs) having controlled morphology through manufacturing condition optimization. The developed CNT aerogels can be used in several applications such as thermal insulator, energy storage, wasted water and air pollution treatment. The inexpensive manufacturing method has the advantage of being simple to carry out. Furthermore, it is carried out in an aqueous medium and, in general, does not involve rejects which are subject to specific treatments, which makes it a process which can be used on an industrial scale.

Also developing advanced energy devices in terms of supercapacitors and fuel cells using the developed CNT aerogels. In fuel cell vehicles, ultracapacitors have demonstrated a higher recovery of energy from braking than batteries, are considerably lighter, have a longer economic life, and are more environmentally friendly in their manufacture and disposal. When paired with fuel cells in stop-and-go mobility applications, such as forklifts, ultracapacitors provide burst power for lifting and acceleration and enable regenerative braking; in backup power applications [ranging from hospitals to office buildings, factories, and homes], they provide instantly available short-term bridge power. In many applications they buffer power demand peaks, allowing our scalable fuel cell systems to be optimized for size and low cost.

2. Project Title: Biodegradable, Flexible, and Ultrastrong Cellulose Aerogels from Paper Waste for Replacing Bubble Wrap and Cleaning Oil Spills.

The overall goals of this research are to enhance the utilization of paper waste and help minimize environmental pollution associated with it; and converting the paper waste into other great potential applications such as 100% biodegradable packing materials to replace popular plastic bubble wrap. We will focus on: (i) New and advanced biodegradable cellulose aerogels (low cost, super-strong, flexible, absorbent, magnetic sponge) are developed and compared from 3 types of paper waste (white office paper, corrugated cartons and newspapers); (ii) Solving environmental issues (biodegradability, disposable means, storage and fire hazards) of the plastic bubble wrap and paper waste (solid waste and landfilling costs); and (iii) Developed cellulose aerogels can play variety of roles in materials science such as for greener buildings (effective insulation, light weight and fire retardation) and for microfluidic devices like fuel cells and small actuators.

3. Project Title: Superstrong Carbon Nanotube Yarns from Nanotube Aerogels.

A simple and inexpensive way to manufacture continuous kilometer long CNTF filaments in bulk will be developed. More importantly, it can be scaled up for industrial production. The CNTF filaments, spun directly and continuously from an aerogel formed in the gas phase inside the furnace, combine high strength (in the GPa range) and high stiffness (axial elastic modulus, around 50 GPa and 120 GPa before and after post treatments respectively) with high energy to breakage (toughness) – considerably greater than that of any commercial high-strength fibers (20-100 J/g depending on the treatment used). CNT filaments of different orientation, fiber density and mechanical properties can be achieved by drawing the aerogel at various rates. The CNTFs will then be made into CNTF yarns – paving the way for flexible materials, multi-strand threads and threads made from a mix of materials. Comparisons of mechanical properties will made between such CNTF yarns and yarns twisted from filaments of other common ballistic materials such as aramids and ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE).

1. Start-up grant – R-265-000-361-133 – Project Title: Physics, Nanostructured Transport and Engineering Applications of Carbon-based Nanomaterials. Approving Authority: FRC. Approved budget S$180,000 and Period over 3 years (10/2010-10/2013). PI: Hai Minh Duong (NUS).

2. SERC 2011 Public Sector Research Funding (PSF) Grant – Proposal 11212073 – R-265-000-424-305/331- Project Title: Advanced Energy Devices Using Carbon Nanotube Aerogels. Approving Authority: A STAR. Approved budget S$630,396 and Period: 3 years (06/02/2012-05/02/2015). PI: Hai Minh Duong and Co-PI: Lu Li and Jianyong Ouyang (NUS).

3. Environment Technology Research Program (7th RFP) – R-265-000-450-490 (DR)/495 (IDR)- Project Title: Biodegradable, Flexible, and Ultrastrong Cellulose Aerogels from Paper Waste for Replacing Bubble Wrap and Cleaning Oil Spills. Approved budget S$281,700 and Period: 3 years (01/10/2012-31/09/2015). PI: Hai Minh Duong and Co-PI: Tan BC Vincent (NUS). Collaborator: Petroleum Vietnam.

4. NRF POC 11th Grant -R-265-000-514-281-Approved budget S$230,000 and Period: 1 year (15/08/2014-14/07/2015). PI: Hai Minh Duong and Co-PI: Tan BC Vincent (NUS).

5. Defence Research and Technology of MINDEF – R-394-001-077-232 – Project Title: Superstrong Carbon Nanotube Yarns from Nanotube Aerogels. Approved budget S$1,025,000 and Period: 3 years (02/2013-02/2017). PI: Hai Minh Duong and Co-PI: Tan BC Vincent (NUS). Collaborator: University of Cambridge, UK.

6. Defence Research and Technology Office, R-265-000-523-646 – Project Title: ME Centre for Composites Engineering and Research, Approved budget S$3,000,000 and Period: 3 years (01/01/2015-31/12/2017). PI: Tay Tong Earn and Co-PI: Tan BC Vincent, Hai Minh Duong (NUS).

7. Minister of Education (MOE) Tier 2 – Project Title: Integrated Phototherapy Device for Combined Photodynamic & Photothermal Therapy, Approved budget S$676,412 and Period: 3 years (2015-2018). PI: James Kah and Co-PI: Hai Minh Duong (NUS).

8. FB Funding Support – C-265-000-049-001- Project Title: Cotton and PET Aerogels from Environmental Waste, Approved budget PI: Nhan Phan-Thien and Collaborator: Hai Minh Duong (NUS).

9. Funding Support: R-265-000-682-720 (Mapletree Gift) R-265-000-682-114 (MOE Tier 1 FRC) R-265-000-682-133 (ODPRT) R-265-000-682-731 (ME). Project Title: Metal-Based Aerogels Materials, Approved budget S$ 500,000 and Period: 1.5 years (1 January 2020 – 30 June 2020). PI: Hai Minh Duong (NUS).

10. DP Aerogel Inc Funding Support: R-265-000-A08-597. Project Title: Porous Material Development from Non-woven Technology, Approved Budget S$25,000 . PI: Hai Minh Duong (NUS).

11. DSO Funding Support: C-265-000-005-001. Project Title: Fabrication of High Temperature Customized Aerogel on Metal Substrate, Approved Budget S$28,000 . PI: Hai Minh Duong (NUS).

11. Conference Committee Chair, International Conference on Innovative Research in Science, Technology and Management (ICIRSTM-18), 29-30 Semtember 2018, Singapore.

10. Session chair of International Conference on Functional Materials (ICFM 2018), 15-17 September 2018, Shanghai, China.

9. Conference Committee Chair, International Conference on Innovative Research in Science, Technology and Management (ICIRSTM-17), 16-17 Semtember 2017, Singapore.

8. Session chair of Carbon Aerogels, 2017 MRS Spring Meeting, 17-21 April 2017, Arizona, USA.

7. Guest Honor and Session chair of International Conference on Contemporary Issues in Science, Engineering and Management (ICCI-SEM-2K17), 18-19 Feb 2017, Bhubaneswar, India.

6. Session chair of International Conference on Recent Innovation in Engineering and Technology (ICRIET 2016), 5-6 Nov 2016, Gunupur, India.

5. Conference Committee Chair, 2016 International Conference on Innovative Engineer Materials (ICIEM 2016), August 20-22, 2016, Singapore.

4. Program committee of 5th Annual International Conference on Sustainable Energy and Environmental Sciences (SEES 2016) February 22-23, 2016, Singapore.

3. Session chair of Nanoparticles and Nanomaterials, APCChE Congress 2015, 27 Sep – 1 Oct 2015, Melbourne, Australia.

2. Program committee of 4th International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, Materials and Energy (ICMEME 2014) November 14-15, 2014, Singapore.

1. Theme chair of carbon-based nanomaterials, IUMRS-ICYRAM 2012, MRS-S, 1-6 July 2012, Singapore.

(1) Journal of Nanotechnology, (2) Journal of Materials Chemistry A, (3) Journal of Physical Chemistry, (4) Journal of Physics D, (5) Journal of Composite Materials, (6) Journal of Applied Physics, (7) Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, (8) Journal of Nanoscale Research Letters, (9) Modeling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering, (10) Applied Energy (11) Applied Physics Letters, (12) International Journal of Thermal Science, (13) Colloids and Surfaces A, (14) Journal of Materials Science, (15) Journal of Chemistry of Materials, (16)  Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, (17) Polymers for Advanced Technologies, (18) Applied Surface Science, (19) Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, (20) Materials, (21) Fibers and Polymers, (22) BioResources, (23) Arabian Journal of Chemistry, (24) Carbon, (25) Chemical Engineering Journal, (26) ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, (27) Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, (28) Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, (29) Carbohydrate Polymers, (30) Water Science and Technology, (31)   Materials Science and Engineering B, (32) ACS Nano, (33) Chemical Physics Letters, (34) Water Science and Technology, (35)  Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports, (36) Materials and Design, (37) Polymers, (38) Sientific Reports, (39) Advances in Polymer Technology, (40) Composites Part A, (41) Universal Journal of Mechanical Engineering, (42) Nano Energy, (43) Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, (44) Electrochimica Acta, (45) Nanoscale, (46) Gels, (47) Separation Science and Technology, (48) International Journal of Industrial Chemistry, (49) Electroanalytical Chemistry, (50) eXPRESS Polymer Letters, (51) International Journal of Molecular Sciences, (52) Physics of Plasmas, (53) Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, (54) Cellulose, (55) Current Physical Chemistry, (56) Langmuir, (57) Advanced Functional Materials, (58) ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, (59) Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, (60) High Performance Polymers, (61) Chemistry of Materials, (62) Marine Pollution Bulletin, (63) AIChE journal, (64) Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, (65) Synthetic Metals, (66) Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, (67) Molecules, (68) Energy Technology, (69) Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, (70) Applied Thermal Engineering, (71) Food, (72) Journal of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials, (72) Environmental Engineering Research, (73) Materials Chemistry and Physics, (74) Nano-Structures & Nano-Objects, (75) Surface and Coatings Technology, (76) Materials Letters, (77) Current Nanoscience, (78) Heliyon, (79) Journal of Energy Storage, (80)  Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, (81) Diamond & Related Materials, (82)Materials Chemistry and Physics, (83) Environmental Engineering Research, (84) Microsystem Technologies, (85) Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers, (86) RSC Advances, (87) Journal of Separation Science, (88) Process Safety and Environmental Protection, (89) Materials Horizons, (90) New Journal of Chemistry, (91) Industrial Crops and Products, (92) Vacumm, (93) International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, (94) Recent Innovations in Chemical Engineering , (95) Zeitschrift für Naturforschung A, (96) Nano Energy

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